current time and date
currency: Mozambican metical (MZN)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Mozambique profile
the Zambezi flows through the north-central and most fertile part of the country
Mozambique history
Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975.

Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990s.

The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy.

A UN-negotiated peace agreement between Frelimo and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo) forces ended the fighting in 1992.

In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office.

His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment.

President GUEBUZA was reelected to a second term in October 2009.

However, the elections were flawed by voter fraud, questionable disqualification of candidates, and Frelimo use of government resources during the campaign.

As a result, Freedom House removed Mozambique from its list of electoral democracies.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Mozambique

Conventional short form: Mozambique

Local long form: Republica de Mocambique

Local short form: Mocambique

Formerly known as: Portuguese East Africa
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Mozambique's capital city is Maputo
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Mozambique Constitution:

30 November 1990
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Mozambique population growth rate: 2.44%
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Mozambique highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m
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Mozambique lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
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About 5% of Mozambique's land is arable.
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Zambezi River is the Longest River in Mozambique
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Mozambique birth rate is 39 births/1,000 population
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Mozambique infant mortality rate is 77 deaths/1,000 live births
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Mozambique fertility rate is 5.34 children born/woman
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Mozambique climate:

tropical to subtropical
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Top 10 cities of Mozambique with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Maputo: 1,178,116
2. Matola: 671,556
3. Beira: 431,583
4. Nampula: 388,526
5. Chimoio: 256,992
6. Nacala: 224,553
7. Quelimane: 188,964
8. Mocuba: 136,393
9. Tete: 129,316
10. Xai-Xai: 127,366
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Mozambique ethnic groups:

African - 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others)
Europeans - 0.06%
Euro-Africans - 0.2%
Indians - 0.08%
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Mozambique Exports:

bulk electricity
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Mozambique Imports:

machinery and equipment
metal products
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unicameral Assembly of the Republic or Assembleia da Republica (250 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
10 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia).
1. Cabo Delgado
2. Gaza
3. Inhambane
4. Manica
5. Maputo
6. Nampula
7. Niassa
8. Sofala
9. Tete
10. Zambezia
and 1 city (cidade): Cidade de Maputo
Political parties and leaders:
Democratic Movement of Mozambique (Movimento Democratico de Mocambique) (MDM) - Daviz SIMANGO
Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frente de Liberatacao de Mocambique) (FRELIMO) - Armando Emilio GUEBUZA
Mozambique National Resistance (Resistencia Nacional Mocambicana) (RENAMO) - Afonso DHLAKAMA